Saving a life with CPR during a cardiac arrest

By Dr Baiju S

17 Nov, 2017


If someone isn’t breathing, doesn’t have a pulse and is not responsive, he or she could be a having a cardiac arrest!

Cardiac arrest is a condition in which the heart stops beating abruptly and unexpectedly. It is triggered by an electrical malfunction in the heart that causes an irregular heartbeat. With its pumping action disrupted, the heart is unable to pump blood to the brain, lungs and other organs. Cardiac arrest can cause death if it is not treated within minutes.

But would you know what to do?

All you need to do is learn CPR to save a life!!

CPR… the letters stand for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and it is used in cases of emergency when a person suffers cardiac arrest.  CPR can keep oxygenated blood flowing to the brain and other vital organs until more definitive medical treatment restores the normal heart rhythm.

However, have you ever given any thought as to how it works?
The moment you see a person going into cardiac arrest, the first thing you should do is call the medical emergency number to get an Automated external defibrillator (AED). Meanwhile you should begin performing CPR on the person.
Start hands-only chest compressions. Basically, it's pushing the person's chest with your hands.

Here’s how you should proceed:
1.    Place one hand over the other, and place both on the person’s breastbone, in the middle of his or her chest.

2.    Use your upper body weight (not just your arms) as you compress (push straight down) on the chest.

3.    Push hard enough to make the chest move inward about 2 inches, but not greater than 2.4 inches

4.    Relax, and repeat this about 100 to 120 times a minute.

5.    Keep doing CPR until someone arrives with an AED.

CPR alone is unlikely to restart the heart, yet it remains the best way to sustain life until medical help arrives, if performed at the right time and in the proper way.

Saving a life is just in your hands!

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